What’s in 5G Technology?

At present, 4G is the choice of the crowd but within a few days 5G will follow that and might even overcome that. It is the fifth generation mobile network standard to provide wireless communications with better benefits to those who need it. It will transmit more data at a very high speed over the wireless systems.
It has certain revolutionary features which have the capacity to provide interesting results that will promote development. The designers have chalked out the plans in such a way that it will address issues which the previous generation broadband networks couldn’t.

Estimated Statistics

In case of 5G, the capacity, latency, and speed all are supposed to be increased than the previous versions. It is estimated that 5G networks will at first be operated in millimeter-wave spectrum (mmWave) spectrum which is a band of wireless spectrum with high frequencies between 28 and 38 GHz. However, it is also expected to work in uncensored and low-frequency spectrums- 3.5 GHz and 600 MHz respectively. The traveling speed of the data is supposed to be very high, about 20 Gbps and offers latency of 1 ms or even lower than that.
All these are the estimated stats that the 5G is expected to offer to its users.

The Key Elements

For the propagation and acceptance of any technology, it needs to have certain key elements that will allure the users to come and try the thing out.

  • Network Cooperation- It will try to synchronize with different types of sites like micro, pico and macro based stations) and also to support the existence of different standards like WiFi and LTE. The 5G Network, therefore, has to be designed accordingly to support this flexibility while addressing the future demands of IoT- Internet of Things. Moreover, with the emergence of 5G, 4G won’t go out of the scene nor it should. The previous transitions from 3G to 4G, 2G to 3G had separate networks, but this should not be the case here, as 5G is heavily dependent on 4G and will require it for its better functioning.

  • Smaller cells- 4G and the previous versions of the network required tall cell towers scattered throughout the regions in order to radiate signals. But in the case of 5G such won’t be the case. Rather it will require smaller cells in larger numbers and those will be situated on building roofs or light poles. 5G is supposed to work using mmWave Spectrum to generate higher speeds can only transmit in short distances and is affected by the presence of buildings and weathers. Apart from this increased data capacity, the small cells have some more benefits- increase battery life and performances of mobile sets, reduces the cost of installing expensive rooftops as those are no more required.

Types of Services

  • Cellular Services- when the devices complying with 5G will be introduced in the market, then the users will gain access to the network facility of 5G. This can happen sometime in 2019 but before delivering this cellular service, core standards by 3GPP needs to be completed by late 2018.

  • Fixed Wireless Broadband Services- This will deliver internet access to business and homes which do not have wired connections just by deploying an NR in small cells in order to beam a signal to the receiver on the windowsill or the rooftop. This will then be amplified within the premises. This fixed service is expected to reduce the cost, as there won’t be any need to offer fiber optic lines to every resident only these fibers should be installed in cell sites and the resident will enjoy service using their wireless modems.

The 5G is indeed an exciting package that delivers accelerated service at an affordable and low cost with the benefits of network slicing. It automates many network behaviors and unites satellites, wireless and wireline services under a general structure. Although the exact news about its emergence is not known, yet its attributes are very attractive!

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